Uveitis is the inflammation of the uvea, which is the middle layer of the eye. The uvea consists of the iris, ciliary body, and choroid. Uveitis can be a serious eye condition that requires prompt medical attention.

Here are some key points about uveitis:

  1. Types of Uveitis: Uveitis is classified based on the part of the uvea that is affected. Anterior uveitis involves inflammation of the iris (iritis) or iris and ciliary body (iridocyclitis). Intermediate uveitis affects the ciliary body, and posterior uveitis involves inflammation of the choroid.

  2. Causes: Uveitis can have various causes, including autoimmune diseases (such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus), infections (bacterial, viral, or fungal), trauma, and sometimes it may be idiopathic (of unknown cause).

  3. Symptoms: Symptoms of uveitis can include eye redness, pain, blurred vision, light sensitivity, and floaters. The severity of symptoms can vary depending on the type and location of uveitis.

  4. Diagnosis: An ophthalmologist will perform a thorough eye examination to diagnose uveitis. Additional tests, such as blood tests or imaging studies, may be conducted to determine the underlying cause.

  5. Treatment: Treatment for uveitis aims to reduce inflammation, alleviate symptoms, and address the underlying cause. Depending on the severity and type of uveitis, treatment may include corticosteroid eye drops, oral corticosteroids, immunosuppressive medications, or other anti-inflammatory drugs.

  6. Complications: If left untreated, uveitis can lead to complications such as glaucoma, cataracts, retinal damage, and vision loss. Timely and appropriate treatment is essential to prevent these complications.

  7. Monitoring: Patients with uveitis often require regular monitoring by an ophthalmologist to assess the progress of treatment and manage any potential side effects of medications.

Category: Uveitis
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